MUSIC STUDENT 101 HOME ABOUT US PODCASTS CONTACT US
EpISODE 02- THEORY BASICS Pt. 1: MeLODY AND HARMONY

HOST- Jeremy Burns

 

TYPE- Theory 101

 

DURATION- 9:00

 

BUMPER MUSIC- "String Quartet in Modes- Dorian" (Matthew Scott Phillips)

 

ANNOUNCER- Mike Cunliffe

LISTEN
DESCRIPTION

This, our first theory podcast, is elementary but crucial. In this episode, part 1 of a 2 part series, we will have a brief discussion on melody and harmony. We will also touch on scales, intervals and triads. Part 2 will cover rhythm.

KEY WORDS

MELODY- A succession or arrangement of notes forming a distinctive sequence or theme, often repeated or revisited through out the piece.  This is the horizontal aspect of music.

 

SCALE- A pattern of notes, arranged in whole steps and half steps, that span an octave.

 

TONIC- The root or foundation of a key or scale. This is scale degree 1. The ultimate directional goal of harmony.

 

HARMONY- Occurs when two or more notes occupy the same space in time. This is the vertical aspect of music.

 

INTERVAL- The difference in pitch between two notes.

 

TRIAD- A basic three note harmony consisting of the root, the 3rd and the 5th of the scale.  There are 4 main types of triads: major, minor, augmented and diminished.

 

CHORD- Any combination of three or more notes that occupy the same space in time.

EXAMPLES

C MAJOR SCALE (keyboard)

C MAJOR SCALE (notation + scale degrees)

MELODY EXAMPLE

C MAJOR SCALE + HARMONY OF A 3rd

INTERVAL

(M3)

TRIAD

(C Major)

ARPEGGIO

(as a melody)

MELODY WITH HARMONY OF A 3rd

MELODY WITH CHORDS

C

C

G

C

SAME MELODY WITH DIFFERENT CHORDS

C

Em

G

Am

THings to Remember

-Most of our discussions, at this stage, will be based on tonal, or Western European, music.  These concepts are based on Jean-Philippe Rameau's "Treatise on Harmony", published in 1722.

 

-Try to sing along to the notes and melodies you play while you're doing these excersises.

 

-Know all the notes by name, of course. But when learning and playing scales, start thinking about them as numbers or scale degrees.

 

-Try to create your own melody. Sing it out in scale degrees and in solfège. Play it on your instrument and notate it on stave paper.

 

-Take that melody and put chords to it. Then, find alternate chords that fit the same melody.

EPISODE MUSIC

 

 "STRING QUARTET IN MODES- DORIAN"

 (Matthew Scott Phillips)

 Alexander Volobuev- violin

 Karen Bentley-Pollick- violin

 Michael Fernandez- viola

 Craig Hultgren- cello

 

MUSIC STUDENT 101

© 2017 EVERYTHING BURNS PRODUCTIONS, LLC

PREVIOUS EPISODE

NEXT EPISODE